Emergency management is a coordinated effort between all levels of government, nongovernmental organizations, and the private sector to effectively meet the challenges presented by man-made and natural disasters or emergencies.
The following are common goals of emergency management:
· Saving lives
· Stabilizing a situation
· Limiting damage to structures and the environment
· Caring for casualties
· Reassuring and caring for the public
· Restoring daily activities to normal as soon as possible
The four phases of comprehensive emergency management are listed below:
Mitigation efforts occur both before and following disaster events. Post-disaster mitigation is part of the recovery process. Eliminating or reducing the impact of hazards that exist within the City and are a threat to life and property are part of the mitigation efforts.
The preparedness phase involves activities taken in advance of an emergency. These activities develop operational capabilities and effective responses to a disaster. These actions might include mitigation activities, disaster planning, training and exercises, and public education.
The response phase involves actions taken to address the effects of an emergency or disaster. During this phase, emphasis is placed on saving lives and property, controlling the situation, and minimizing the effects of the emergency or disaster.
The recovery phase involves actions taken to restore the affected area. During this phase, Local Assistance Centers (LAC) may be established and are normally staffed and supported by local, state, and federal agencies, as well as non-profit and voluntary organizations. These centers will provide a single facility at which individuals, families, and businesses can access available disaster assistance programs and services.